Bed and Breakfast, Ranch and Lodging Reservation Service



Official State Tourism Site: www.arizonaguide.com  

Official State Home Page: www.state.az.us 

National Park Service www.nps.gov/parks.html  
  National Monuments: Canyon De Chelly, Casa Grande Ruins, Chiricahua, Hohokam Pima, Montezuma Castle, Navajo, Organ Pipe Cactus, Pipe Spring, Sunset Crater Volcano, Tonto, Tuzigoot, Walnut Canyon, Wupatki.
  National Parks: Coronado Memorial, Fort Bowie Historic Site, Glen Canyon Recreation Area, Grand Canyon, Hubbell Trading Post Historic Site, Lake Mead Recreation Area, Petrified Forest, Saguaro, Tumacacori Historic Park.


Miscellaneous Sites: 

Arizona State Parks www.pr.state.az.us  
  Northern: Dead Horse Ranch, Fool Hollow Lake Recreation Area, Fort Verde Historic, Homolovi Ruins, Jerome Historic, Lyman Lake, Red Rock, Riordan Mansion Historic, Slide Rock, Tonto Natural Bridge.
  Southern: Catalina, Lost Dutchman, Kartchner Caverns, McFarland Historic, Oracle, Patagonia Lake, Picacho Peak, Roper Lake, Sonoita Creek, Tombstone Courthouse Historic, Tubac Presidio Historic.
  Western: Alamo Lake, Buckskin Mountain, Cattail Cove, Lake Havasu, Yuma Crossing Historic, Yuma Territorial Prison .

Central Arizona Museum Association www.azcama.com  Dedicated to promoting museums in metropolitan Phoenix and surrounding communities, this directory features over 50 museums of art, history, Native American, archaeology, anthropology and science.

Forest Service http://www.fs.fed.us/recreation/map/state_list.shtml#arizona  USDA site for National Forests: Apache-Sitgreaves, Coconino, Coronado, Kaibab, Prescott, Tonto

GORP (Great Outdoor Recreation Pages) www.gorp.com/gorp/location/az/az.htm  Dedicated to adventure travel and outdoor recreation, offers information about the best outdoor experiences available in Arizona.

History Traveler www.azhistorytraveler.org  Discover the state's museums, historic structures, archaeological ruins and heritage sites.

Tucson Association of Museums http://tucsonmuseums.org  Offers direct links to the web pages of historical, cultural and educational facilities including, nature, arts, aerospace/aviation, history and science.


Cities and Towns: 

Ajo http://ajochamber.com/ One of Arizona's best kept secrets, this birthplace of the state's copper mining is ringed by mountains and the Sonoran desert, home to abundant wildlife. The heart of the community is the 1917 plaza with shops and 2 historic mission-style churches. Local attractions include a host of historic buildings, golf, the Historical Society Museum, and New Cornelia mine pit.
  Cabeza Prieta National Wildlife Refuge covers 860,000 acres of terrain ranging from valleys of sand dunes and lava flows to rugged mountain and provides well-suited habitat for big horn sheep and other desert wildlife.
  Organ Pipe Cactus National Monument www.nps.gov/orpi  With dramatic scenery, plentiful wildlife and an extraordinary collection of organ pipe cactus, this Sonoran Desert wilderness offers backcountry adventures, scenic drives and open desert skies. Bird watchers particularly enjoy 225 species of birds in the area.

Alpine www.wmonline.com/cities/alpine.htm  In a setting of majestic mountain peaks, pine forests, high meadows and lakes, this quaint vacation town lies at 8,050 feet near the San Francisco River headwaters amid the Apache-Sitgreaves National Forest. Visitors enjoy western hospitality, cool summers, year-round recreation, and annual events such as dog-sled races and a rodeo. Attractions include abundant wildlife, scenic byways, golf, hiking, mining towns, Luna Lake wildlife refuge, rock-hounding, hunting, horseback riding, and fishing 11 lakes and over 200 miles of trout streams. 

Apache Junction http://www.apachejunctioncoc.com With a climate that attracts 35,000 winter visitors, this town surrounded by desert and mountains offers a pleasant blend of urban, rural and historic areas. Activities include horseback riding, golf, Goldfield Ghost Town, hiking, water sports on numerous area lakes, rock hounding, the annual Arizona Renaissance Festival, and the Superstition Mountains.
  Apache Trail Constructed in 1905 to supply materials to the new Roosevelt Dam, the highway parallels an ancient Apache route. The popular 120-mile Apache Trail Circle Route passes the Lost Dutchman State Park in the Superstition Mountains, several lake shores in beautifully eroded canyons of Tonto National Forest, by cliff dwellings and spectacular rock formations, and through mining and ghost towns.
  Lost Dutchman State Park Named for a rumored gold mine whose location somewhere in the Superstition Mountains was lost with the death of its last miner, the park draws fortune seekers as well as outdoor enthusiasts enjoying guided hikes, campfire programs and 320 acres of trails. 

Benson www.bensonchamberaz.com Founded in 1880 as a railroad hub and mining town, this community is a gateway to southeastern Arizona, offering small-town friendliness and a moderate climate. Attractions include an active arts community, historical society, and a 9-hole golf course. Nearby are picnicking and hiking at the San Pedro Riparian National Conservation Area and Coronado National Forest. The Holy Trinity Monastery offers Oriental gardens, museum, gallery, and bird sanctuary, while the Vega-Bray Observatory features 8 major telescopes, planetarium and museum. Also nearby is the world-renown Amerind Foundation dedicated to study and presentation of Native American cultures.
  Kartchner Caverns http://www.desertusa.com/azkartchner  This wet "living" cave was kept secret for over ten years in order to protect the unique and fragile ecosystem, resulting in the creation of Kartchner Caverns State Park. With ecological protections in place, guided walking tours are now offered through the Throne and Rotunda Rooms, where visitors are treated to an unusual variety of pristine multicolored formations. Thousands of bats faithfully return to this natural refuge and roosting area each year from May to September. The 550-acre park offers a Discovery Center with a video introduction, hiking trails, picnic facilities and bird sanctuary.

Bisbee http://www.bisbeearizona.com/ A registered National Historic District nestled in the Mule Mountain foothills, this picturesque county seat boomed during the 1880s with the Copper Queen Lode discovery, one of the richest mineral sites in the world. Today the once rough and tumble town is a quaint retirement and artist community with numerous historic buildings, galleries and studios. A favorite attraction is the Queen Mine tour through old mining tunnels on a string of mining cars.
  Bisbee Mining and Historical Museum www.azstarnet.com/nonprofit/bisbeemuseum Once the headquarters of Copper Queen Consolidated Mining Company, exhibits examine local history and culture, turn-of-the-century photographs and cowboy retrospectives. 
  Southeastern Arizona Bird Observatory www.sabo.org A habitat for a wide variety of southeastern Arizona bird life offering year-round activities and workshops.

Bullhead City This thriving vacation community near Lake Mead National Recreation Area, Lake Mojave and the Colorado River offers an array of water sports, plus gambling casinos across the river in Nevada.

Camp Verde www.campverde.org Founded in 1866 amid mountains straddling the beautiful Verde River, this friendly rural community offers a wide variety of activities such as well-maintained hiking trails, a casino, fishing and swimming in the Verde River. 
  Fort Verde State Park Charged with suppressing Apache Indian raids in the late 1800's, - some of the original structures still stand. Four buildings have been restored and furnished in period. A museum exhibits military, pioneer and Native American history and artifacts. 
  Montezuma's Castle National Monument http://www.desertusa.com/mzm/ Mistakenly named for Montezuma, born a century after the site was abandoned, the ruins of 12th and 13th century limestone cliff dwellings are among the best preserved of their type. The 5-story Sinagua Indian dwelling 46 feet above the flood plain is not accessible to tourists, but a trail offers good views and a model of the interior. Montezuma Well is a detached segment of the monument featuring a limestone sinkhole almost 500 feet wide and 50 feet deep, with ancient irrigation ditches dug 1200-1300 A.D. still visible. Cliff dwellings and pueblos rim the site.

Carefree http://www.carefree-cavecreek.com/  Hugging the base of Black Mountain, this town offers friendly hospitality as well as studios and galleries, unique shopping and recreational opportunities. Visitors find beautiful vistas of towering saguaro cacti, majestic mountains and huge piles of boulders along with wildlife such as roadrunners, quail, javelina and coyotes. A working 90-foot diameter sundial, one of the largest in the Western Hemisphere, is a popular attraction, as are nearby Tonto National Forest and Horseshoe and Bartlett Lakes. 

Casa Grande was founded in 1879 and named for the Hohokam Indian ruins to the northeast of town. It is home to 2 factory-outlet centers, many historic buildings and the Casa Grande Art Museum featuring Arizona artists.
Casa Grande Valley Historical Society and Museum showcases regional history with Native American artifacts, period rooms, an antique fire engine and agricultural and mining exhibits. 

Cave Creek http://www.carefree-cavecreek.com/  Once the home of the original Hohokam Indians, visitors find many things to do in this southwestern community. Outdoor recreation includes golf, hiking, and guided horseback rides. Galleries, shops and trading posts offer western articles and custom jewelry by local artists. North of town is the 1883 Cave Creek Mistress Gold Mine with a rock shop and museum exhibiting antique mining items. Abundant wildlife includes roadrunners and quail, javelina and coyotes. There are numerous opportunities for swimming, hiking, fishing, and boating in area lakes and Tonto National Forest.

Chandler www.chandleraz.org This growing city on the outskirts of Phoenix has flourished from its agricultural roots into a high-tech oasis of the Silicon Desert. Downtown has been restored to its original turn-of-the-century look, and the plaza refurbished. Visitors enjoy a wide variety of shopping and dining, the Center for the Arts, city parks, the 36-hole Nicklaus Design created golf course, and family events such as the Ostrich Festival. 
  Arizona Railway Museum www.azrymuseum.org On display are locomotives, passenger cars, freight equipment, photographs and a diverse collection of railroad artifacts.
  Chandler Center for the Arts www.chandlercenter.org This complete performing arts center can be divided into smaller venues and is used as a 1,500 seat concert hall, an intimate theater, a recital hall, a 1,000 seat theater and an exhibition hall for changing visual arts exhibits.
  Chandler Museum With focus on Chandler history, displays include prehistoric southwestern pottery, a 2,000 item archive open to the public by appointment, and a changing exhibit gallery.
  Firebird International Raceway www.firebirdraceway.com Events include NHRA drag racing, IHBA drag-boat racing, and car-club events.
  The Vision Gallery www.visiongallery.org Over 200 local, state and national artists are represented by works on canvas, sculpture, watercolor, hand-blown glass and arts and crafts such as hand-made jewelry. 

Clarkdale www.clarkdalechamber.com Founded in 1912 as a copper mining town in the upper Verde Valley, the landscape of buttes and mesas offers a wide variety of recreation, culture, scenery and history. Within 10 miles are Tuzigoot National Monument, home to the ancient Anasazi Indians, plus fishing, picnicking, hiking and backpacking at Dead Horse Ranch State Park, Mingus Mountain Recreation Area, Sycamore Canyon Wilderness. Within 20 miles are the historic mining town of Jerome and red rock formations of Sedona and Oak Creek Canyon. 
  Verde Canyon Railroad www.verdecanyonrr.com This historic railroad with coach and open cars travels through tunnels, over the North Verde River, past Sinagua Indian ruins and a monocline fold, providing the only possible way to view protected wilderness areas and wildlife. The depot has a mini-museum and café. 

Clifton The tranquil San Francisco River flows year-round through this historic western mining town, the birthplace of the Apache warrior Geronimo, where visitors are drawn by the ideal climate, abundant wildlife, and breathtaking mountain scenery. The area has offerings for history buffs, outdoor enthusiasts and photographers. Fish the rivers and stocked streams, visit the giant open-pit copper mine, play golf, or just relax and enjoy the river.

Coolidge 
  Golden Era Toy and Auto Museum features a collection of antique toys, dolls, model trains and restored cars.
  Casa Grande Ruins National Monument These 60 ancient ruin sites represent the prehistoric farming culture that occupied much of the state. The 4-story "Big House" was built by the Hohokam prior to 1350 A.D. and abandoned around 1450 A.D. The modern-day Pimas invite guests to visit the ruins and hear the story of the ancients.

Cordes Junction A great starting point when heading into the Bradshaw Mountains popular for rock-hounding and exploring deserted ghost towns and mining camps.
  Arcosanti Architect Paolo Soleri designed this dense, pedestrian-oriented city as a means of reducing impact on the environment by using greenhouses and solar power. A prototype for future development begun by volunteers and students in 1970, it will house 7,000 people on 25 acres of the 4,000-acre preserve when complete. Visitors enjoy the gallery, tours and concerts featuring the world-famous Soleri Bells, produced and sold here as a means of funding the project.

Cottonwood http://chamber.verdevalley.com In the center of the scenic Verde Valley, this quiet community was founded in 1874 and named for a large stand of cottonwood trees. The Historic District, built in the early 1900's as a commerce center for miners, is now a unique collection of shops, galleries and antiques. Area attractions include golf, Oak Creek Canyon, V-Bar-V Ranch Petroglyph Site, Montezuma Castle Ruins and Sedona.
  Dead Horse Ranch State Park This park along the Verde River in a rich birding corridor offers stream and pond fishing, canoeing, and hiking and equestrian trails.
  Tuzigoot National Monument Visitors find the preserved ruins of a large multi-story Sinagua Indian pueblo occupied from about 1000 to 1425 AD. Tools, pottery and jewelry recovered from more than 110 rooms are on display in the museum.

Douglas Founded in 1901 on the Mexican border as a site for annual roundups, the town is now a center for tourism, commerce, agriculture, and is a nationally known bird watching area. Attractions include historic buildings, ghost towns, and sightseeing in nearby Agua Prieta, Mexico. Several prehistoric archeological sites are nearby, plus more recent remains of an 18th century Spanish presidio and the 19th century Fort Bowie National Historic Site.
  San Bernardino Ranch National Historic Landmark http://www.slaughterranch.com/slaughterranch/html The 1884 home on the cattle ranch of Texas Ranger and Cochise County sheriff John Slaughter has been meticulously restored to its original opulence containing many family photographs and furnishings. 
  San Bernardino National Wildlife Refuge shares the ranch site. With 2,300 acres of riparian forests and marshlands, it provides a home for over 270 species of birds as well as a variety of larger wildlife and rare Arizona native fish.

Dragoon Part of the first Apache Indian Reservation, Dragoon has a colorful history since its founding in 1856 by Cavalry soldiers. The remains of the Butterfield Overland Stage stop still stand, as do the graves of Confederate soldiers killed in 1862 by Apache Indians. This was the site of a peace-terms discussion between General Howard and Apache Chief Cochise. The Dragoon Mountains encompass Cochise Stronghold, where Cochise is said to be buried, and scenic rock formations in Texas Canyon. Area attractions include Kartchner Caverns, Tombstone, Chiricahua Mountains, and premier birding in Ramsey Canyon, Patagonia and San Pedro conservation areas.
  Amerind Foundation Museum http://www.amerind.org This 1,500-acre nationally recognized museum, art gallery and archeological research facility features over 25,000 items spanning 10,000 years of native American cultural history. The 25,000 square foot museum features some of the finest Native American ethnographic and archaeological collections in the United States. 
  Cochise Stronghold Canyon From here Cochise governed the land and his invincible warriors for 15 years during the mid-1800's. It was here that he agreed to peace with the U.S. in a meeting with General Howard and here that he was buried. Area rock art of the Mogollon culture people dates to about 1,000 years ago. The six-mile roundtrip Cochise Stronghold Trail to the Stronghold Divide offers great exploring in shallow caves.

Eagar www.eagar.com  In ponderosa pine country on the northeast slopes of the White mountains, the town is bordered by Apache-Sitgreaves National Forest offering hiking, hunting, twenty-four lakes and 680 miles of trout streams. Nearby are two ancient Indian ruins, Lyman Lake, petroglyph trails, Sunrise Ski Park, Casa Malpais Pueblo and Petrified Forest National Park. The Coronado Trail Scenic Byway is reputed to be the path taken four centuries ago by Francisco Vasques de Coronado.
  Little House Museum Nestled in the Little Colorado River canyon, features local pioneer artifacts and narrated tours offering colorful anecdotes of visits by the likes of cattle rustlers and author Zane Grey.

Flagstaff www.flagstaffarizona.org This energetic home of Northern Arizona University is surrounded by breathtaking natural wonders and offers year round attractions. Outdoor adventures include the Grand Canyon, Sunset Crater, Meteor Crater and Indian ruins at Wupatki and Walnut Canyon National Monuments. Other attractions include golf, the Symphony Orchestra, Snowbowl Ski Resort, the downtown Historic Railroad District and antique shopping.
  Arboretum at Flagstaff www.thearb.org At 7,150 feet, visitors find 200 acres of high country flora with views of the San Francisco Peaks and beautiful nature trails. 
  Lowell Observatory www.lowell.edu This National Historic Landmark was the site of the 1930 discovery of the planet Pluto, plus the discoveries of the rings around Uranus and evidence that the universe is expanding. There are a visitor center, scenic campus, night-sky viewing, hands-on exhibits and tours.
  Museum of Northern Arizona www.musnaz.org With focus on regional art plus cultures of Navajo, Hopi, Zuni and prehistoric peoples, displays include fossils, geology and dinosaurs. Field excursions include llama treks, hiking and raft trips. The summer Native American marketplaces feature crafts such as pottery, baskets, jewelry and textiles.
  Riordan Mansion State Historic Park www.pr.state.az.us This 1904 mansion has 13,000 square feet with over 40 rooms richly furnished and filled with original Riordan family articles. There is a visitor center, picnic areas and self-guided tours of the grounds. 
  Sunset Crater Volcano National Monument Viewpoints and trails offer close observation of this 900 year old bright-reddish cinder cone rising 1,000 feet above the San Francisco Volcanic Field of lava flows and cinders cones. A trail leads a self-guided hike over the Bonito lava flow.
  Walnut Canyon National Monument An arduous paved hiking trail loop reveals over 300 pre-Columbian cliff dwellings carved into a series of steep canyon walls almost a thousand years ago, ancestral home of the Sinaguas. Millions of years of history are revealed in the rock faces of the 400-feet-deep gorge, and artifacts are displayed in the visitor center. A rim trail features 2 overlooks into the canyon and access to a pit house and small pueblo.

Florence www.florenceaz.org Founded in 1866, the town's main street is the heart of the 139 structures in the nationally registered Historic District. The Pinal County Historical Society Museum displays a sobering exhibit of hangman nooses used in recent prisoner executions, plus pioneer and prehistoric Indian artifacts. Nearby attractions include Casa Grande Ruins National Monument, Biosphere II, St. Anthony's Monastery and Boyce-Thompson Arboretum. 
  McFarland State Park This 1878 adobe brick structure was once the center of social and business activity for local miners and ranchers, housing the courthouse, sheriff's office and jail in a town where saloons outnumbered churches 28 to 1. Historic trails, artifacts and exhibits detail building history, lynching, and the WWII Florence POW camp.

Fort Defiance Once the headquarters of the Bureau of Indian Affairs, this town in the mouth of the Blue Canyon on the Navajo Reservation was named for the army fort that once stood there. Distinctive Navajo rugs, blankets and jewelry are crafted here. It is an easy drive to the Petrified Forest and Canyon de Chelly.

Fountain Hills The heart of town is Fountain Park, a 64-acre recreation area featuring the celebrated 560-foot-tall fountain, a 29-acre million-gallon lake, playgrounds, racquetball and swim club, and an 18-hole championship golf course. Another local attraction is 25-acre Golden Eagle Park with sports fields areas a picnic area.
  Out of Africa Wildlife Park www.wildlifeworld.com With the largest collection of exotic animals in the state, the park offers a wide variety of attractions such as Safari Train Ride, feeding stations, rare white tigers, children's petting area, Wildlife Show, African aviary, and a pontoon boat ride through the Australian Outback Exhibit.

Ganado This traditional Native American trading and gathering center in the Pueblo Colorado Valley has been favored for centuries, first by the Anasazi and now by the Navajo. A scenic drive north through Beautiful Valley and past Balakai and Black Mesas takes visitors to Chinle and the fantastic vistas of Canyon de Chelly.
  Hubbell Trading Post National Historic Site  This trading post, the oldest continuously operating on the Navajo Reservation, was operated by the Hubbell family from 1878 until 1967 when sold to the National Park Service. The 160-acre site contains the original family home, visitor center and a trading post where tribal artisans sell their works.

Gila Bend The first farms in this Maricopa Indian village were established by a Jesuit missionary in 1699. Today, this ranching and agricultural community offers a rich history and a good hub for trips to Organ Pipe Cactus National Monument and Cabeza Prieta National Wildlife Refuge.

Gilbert was established in 1902 as a rich farming and ranching center. Today, the 9th fastest growing community in the country preserves its small town atmosphere while promoting planned growth. Activities include equestrian trails, boating, fishing and the Historical Society Museum in the original Town School.

Glendale http://www.ci.glendale.az.us/ With turn-of-the-century charm and red brick sidewalks, and known as the Antique Capital of Arizona, specialty shops and restaurants are found surrounding Murphy Park in the Historic District, as well as historic Catlin Court Shops District and Old Towne Glendale. Listed on the National Register of Historic Places, 17-acre late 1800's Sahuaro Ranch features restored buildings and a 1000-bush rose garden. Thunderbird Airfield, Luke Air Force Base and American Graduate School of International Management make their homes here. Visitors enjoy ideal climate and excellent outdoor recreation such as equestrian and cycling paths, hiking trails, golf, water sports and Thunderbird Park, an enormous desert mountain park.
  Bead Museum This world-class, one-of-a-kind museum displays ancient, contemporary and ethnic beads from around the globe highlighting different arts and cultures. A museum store and lectures are available.

Globe www.globemiamichamber.com Established in 1876 as a silver mining community in a steep canyon in the Pinal Mountains, this has been an important mining center for over a century, with the one of the world's largest open pit mines, which is still producing copper. This artistic community rich in historic buildings serves as the terminus of two scenic highways, US 60 through Devil's Canyon and the Apache Trail leading to nearby Theodore Roosevelt Lake Recreation Area. Nearby attractions include Tonto National Monument, Apache Gold Casino and the 18-hole Apache Stronghold golf course.
  Besh-Ba-Gowah Archaeological Park Inhabited by Salado Indians 1225-1400, several of the 300 rooms of this pueblo have been restored and furnished in period. Excavated artifacts are displayed in the museum and visitor center, and a botanical garden of native flora has been constructed.
  Cobre Valley Center for the Arts Located in the 1906 Gila County Courthouse, local artists display ceramics, photography, weaving and other works.
  William Boyce Thompson Arboretum Established in the early 1920's, this 35-acre garden offers scenic walks through flora from arid regions around the world. Water-efficient cacti, succulents and plants are available at the visitor center.

Goldfield Ghost Town www.goldfieldghosttown.com In 1893, this bustling gold mining town at the base of the Superstition Mountains boasted 3 saloons, a boarding house, blacksmith, general store and schoolhouse. Today, visitors to this authentic ghost town enjoy many attractions such as underground mine tours and gold panning, a rattlesnake exhibit and the Lost Dutchman Museum, horseback rides and narrow-gauge train rides, and old west gunfights.

Goodyear Established in the early 1900's by the tire giant for the purpose of growing Egyptian cotton, a component of tires, area activities in this residential community include several golf courses.
  Estrella Mountain Regional Park is almost 20,000 acres of rugged desert with a golf course and riding trails. Rodeo and equestrian events are hosted year-round.

Green Valley At 3,000 feet elevation, at the base of the Santa Rita Mountains, the ideal climate inspires outdoor activities such as golf at one of six championship golf courses, or hiking and bird watching in nearby Madera Canyon, a renowned home to over 230 species of birds with trails leading to the 9,450-foot summit. Original Southwestern arts and crafts are available in nearby Tubac, and the Mexican border town of Nogales is only 40 miles to the south.
  Titan Missile Museum www.atomictourist.com/titan.htm Of the 54 Titan Intercontinental Ballistic Missile (ICBM) sites in the US, all have been destroyed except this one, de-activated under the SALT Treaty. Visitors view a video tracking the history of the Titan prior to the guided tour through the command center and silo, the only one in the world open to the public.

Holbrook www.ci.holbrook.az.us This 1881 ranching town surrounds the 1898 courthouse, listed on the National Register of Historic Places, and retains it's frontier spirit. A perfect place to base exploration of the beautiful Indian Country, nearby attractions include the Painted Desert, Walnut Canyon, Canyon de Chelly, Mogollon Rim country, Monument Valley, Homolovi Ruins, and the Meteor Crater. In addition to local golf, nearby Cholla Lake offers a full array of water activities.
  Petrified Forest National Park About 30 miles out of town is this fascinating 93,500-acre forest of brilliantly colored trees, mostly prone, carried to this lowland by streams about 225 million years ago. Buried under volcanic ash, the logs eventually turned into rainbow colored stone, the finest collection in the world. Numerous dinosaur fossils have been excavated, and a 28-mile drive through the park offers breathtaking views of the Painted Desert badlands, archeological sites, and ancient petroglyphs.

Jerome www.azjerome.com Once the "Wickedest Town in the West", this mountainside copper mining town was a roaring community at the turn of the century with 21 bars, 13 hotels and 8 houses of prostitution. By 1953 the mines had all closed and this whistle stop became "America's most unique ghost city", home to an eclectic mix of writers artists and musicians. Today's visitors enjoy quaint shops, galleries, historic buildings, and the Sliding Jail, which came to rest here after a particularly violent cave-in. Nearby attractions include Montezuma Castle, Verde Canyon Railroad and Tuzigoot National Monument.
  Jerome State Historic Park The 1916 Douglas Mansion reigns from a hilltop overlooking the Verde Valley. It once housed the Douglas family as well as visiting mining officials and investors. Exhibits and a movie feature local mining methods and history.

Kayenta Established as a trading post in 1910, this coal and uranium mining town is 20 miles south of the Utah border. Nearby, spectacular 1250 A.D. cliff dwellings are beautifully preserved and reached by ranger-guided moderately strenuous 5-16 mile hikes.
  Monument Valley Navajo Tribal Park Twenty miles north of town is entrance to this colorful region, where towering 1,000-foot red sandstone monoliths jut from the valley floor. The visitor center offers arts and crafts sales, native dancing and storytelling. Self-guided scenic tours offer views of buttes and spires, while jeep tours offer closer looks at cliff dwellings and rock art. Camping, hiking and horseback tours are also available.

Kingman www.kingmantourism.org Founded in 1880 between the Hualapai and Cerbat mountain ranges in the scenic Hualapai Valley, this Mohave county seat is a vibrant city surrounded by wilderness areas teeming with wildlife. The Heart of Historic Route 66, it is a focal point for history buffs with 62 buildings listed on the National Register of Historic Buildings. Attractions include the Grand Canyon, golf and tennis, Locomotive Park, historic mining camps and ghost towns, hiking, Hualapai Mountain Park, fishing, rock hounding and 1,000 miles of shoreline at Lake Mead.
  Mohave Museum of History and Arts Exhibits include turquoise collections, local artworks and artifacts, and recreated Indian dwellings. Also displayed are prehistoric artifacts, photos of Hoover Dam construction, and military and mining collections. There is a room devoted to the native son and movie actor, Andy Devine.
  Route 66 Museum Features the history of Route 66 travel from Frontier Days through the Great Depression, on to the glory of the automobile age and a tour of 1950's downtown Kingman.

Lake Havasu City www.havasuchamber.com With abundant outdoor opportunities such as several golf courses and the adjacent lake, this town captured world-wide attention in 1968 when the London Bridge, originally built in 1831 over the Thames River, was imported from London and reassembled over a lake channel. Lake facilities include camping and picnicking, a marina, swimming beaches and fishing areas. Scattered nearby are early mines and mining towns, making this an ideal location for rock hounding.
  Havasu National Wildlife Refuge consists of two segments. Topock Gorge is the largest, only accessible on foot or by boat, including 18,000-acre Havasu Wilderness area. The second area, Topock Marsh, shelters some of America's rarest birds, as well as other wildlife such as beavers and bighorn sheep.
  Lake Havasu State Park is comprised of 2 distinct sections. Windsor Beach near London Bridge is a nicely developed area popular for day use with boat launch ramps and camping. Cattail Cove is an exceptional park providing year-round recreation with modern lakeside camping facilities as well as 140 boat-access-only campsites.

Litchfield Park This unique suburban community boasts casual lifestyle and small town atmosphere. Two miles north is Luke Air Force Base, the world's largest F16 fighter pilot training center. West of town is 26,000-acre White Tanks Regional Park, which takes it's name from natural stone water tanks once used by local Indians who left unusual rock carvings. Also nearby is 19,000-acre Estrella Mountain Regional Park with, horseback riding, hiking, picnicking and an 18-hole golf course. 
  Wildlife World Zoo www.wildlifeworld.com Featured are more than 300 species of exotic and rare animals such as white tigers, tropical birds, piranhas and pythons. Favorite activities include Lory Parrot and Giraffe feeding exhibits, wildlife encounters shows, and a safari train through animal exhibits.

Maricopa At the foot of the Sierra Estrella Mountains, fans of soaring are drawn by the clear blue skies and thermal conditions. There is an Indian Casino nearby.

Mesa www.mesacvb.com In the center of the Salt River Valley, visitors enjoy a wide variety of day trips such as Native American ruins, 2 scenic railroads, Grand Canyon, Historical towns, Lost Dutchman State Park, and fantastic scenery ranging from mountain pines and lakes to red rock country. The area is home to professional sports franchises, baseball Spring training and Indian casinos. Area activities include golf and hiking, as well as easy access to Phoenix Metropolitan area attractions. Of interest are the Symphony, Museum for Youth offering hands-on exposure to art, and the Temple Visitor Center exploring the Mormon religion and the purpose of the temple.
  Champlin Fighter Aircraft Museum www.champlinfighter.com A comprehensive look at fighting aircraft and their heroic pilots. Thirty-two flyable aircraft ranging from WWII to Desert Storm are on display.
  Arizona Wing of the Confederate Air Force  www.arizonawingcaf.org Dedicated to the preservation or WWII warplanes, exhibits feature artifacts such as ration coupons and flight gear.
  Mesa Arts Center Eight free contemporary art exhibits are held here each year, as well as visual and performing arts classes, educational programs and demonstrations.
  Mesa Southwest Museum One of the premier museums in the state, state history from the dinosaurs to the 20th century is featured, with displays focusing on prehistoric fossils and dinosaur skeletons, ancient Hohokam Indian culture, Arizona Highways photography gallery, and the Lost Dutchman Mine.
  Park of the Canals This 30-acre park preserves some remains of 125 miles of irrigation canals dug around 700 B.C. by the Hohokam Indians. There is an extensive desert botanical garden and large playground for children.
  Rockin' R Ranch Visitors pan for gold and enjoy chuck-wagon suppers served cowboy style at this recreated Western town. An Old West stage show and mock gunfight are performed.

Mt. Lemmon As you travel the 25 miles from the Tucson desert floor to the pine and aspen groves at 9000 feet in the Coronado National Forest, you will pass through incredible beauty, several ecological changes and fascinating rock formations. Area activities include hiking and rock climbing, picnicking and fishing in Rose Canyon, skiing and sledding.

Nogales www.nogaleschamber.com Rich in Spanish history, this area has something for everyone from hikers to birdwatchers to history buffs amongst forests, valleys, mountains and wildlife sanctuaries. A popular port of entry to the U.S., visitors experience diverse culture and natural history. Experience the extraordinary unspoiled beauty of the Old West as you travel trails used by Native Americans and Spanish explorers, or enjoy excellent golf courses and various cuisine.

Oatman Settled in the early 1900's, this once bustling mining town survived the closing of the mines by catering to travelers on old Route 66. Clark Gable and Carole Lombard honeymooned at the 1902 Oatman Hotel, and several movies were filmed here including "How the West Was Won". The authentic old western town has wild burros roaming the streets searching for handouts, staged gunfights, and handmade leather goods, Indian jewelry and antiques offered in shops or from vendors on the wooden sidewalks.

Oracle Located just north of Tucson near the Coronado National Forest and the San Pedro River.
  Biosphere 2 Center www.bio2.edu Set on 250 acres of beautiful Sonoran Desert, this is one of the world's largest living laboratories and a monumental engineering feat. The airtight greenhouse covers over 3 acres, with several different ecosystems, or biomes. It is a research and teaching center for determining a biome's ability to recycle water, air and nutrients to sustain itself. The guided .75-mile tour starts at the visitor center with a film presentation. 
  Oracle State Park Not currently open to the general public on a walk-in basis, this 4,000-acre park in the Santa Catalina Mountain foothills was a cattle ranch in the early 1900's. It is home to interesting geologic formations, abundant wildlife and native plant communities, and the historic Kannally Ranch House. It now serves as a wildlife refuge and environmental education center. Education programs are offered to schoolchildren, and a 7-mile section of the Arizona Trail is open for hiking, horseback riding and mountain biking.

Page www.pagelakepowellchamber.org Originally a settlement for Glen Canyon Dam workers, this town set amidst spectacular desert scenery is now a hub for outfitters providing expeditions into Glen Canyon National Recreation Area. Attractions include golf, Glen Canyon Dam, river rafting, art galleries, Lake Powell, Native American dancing, shops and museums exploring dinosaurs, ancient cultures and Native American arts and crafts. 
  John Wesley Powell Museum www.powellmuseum.org Exhibits relate to area geology and development, Native American culture, the Colorado River and John Wesley Powell, the first modern scientist to explore the river. Photographs and pioneer artifacts are displayed. Excursions such as lake and river trips, flights and ground tours as well as boat rentals can be arranged at the visitor center.

Palo Verde
  Palo Verde Nuclear Generating Station The largest nuclear power plant in the Western Hemisphere.  Guided tours are available by reservation and a visitor center offers hands-on displays illustrating various energy sources.

Parker www.coloradoriverinfo.com/parker/tourism Established in 1908 as a mining and railroad town, this La Paz county seat is now a magnet for anglers, rock hounds, hikers and water sport enthusiasts. On the east bank of the Colorado River, the river, it's dams and lakes attract nearly 1 million visitors each year. A trade center for surrounding Native Americans, year-round area attractions include water skiing, golf, casinos, and 2 state parks. 
  Buckskin Mountain State Park Located between the Colorado River and the Buckskin Mountains in an area with developed trails and panoramic overlooks, water enthusiasts, hikers and nature lovers are drawn to this scenic area. Facilities include picnicking, improved campgrounds, a restaurant, ball courts and a sandy beach. 
  Colorado River Indian Tribes Museum Exhibits include excavations from the ghost town of La Paz, the Beebee Brown Basket Collection, an extensive collection of locally made Indian crafts, Mojave pottery, Indian beads and jewelry, and modern and historical items pertaining to local tribes. The adjacent library contains manuscripts, books, tapes and recordings relating to various Indian cultures.

Patagonia http://www.patagoniaaz.com/ Nestled between the beautiful red Patagonia Mountains and the majestic Santa Rita Mountains, the "Jewel of the Sonoita Valley" offers small town charm and a moderate year-round climate. A diversity of cuisine and arts are found at the shops, galleries and restaurants and historic buildings are sprinkled throughout town. Internationally known as a premier bird watching destination, outdoor enthusiasts enjoy extraordinary birding as well as hiking, horseback riding and water sports.
  Patagonia Lake State Park Southeastern Arizona's largest lake offers water recreation, fishing and bird watching. A recent addition to the park is the Sonoita Creek State Natural Area preserving a unique riparian area. It is home to a spectacular variety of flora and fauna, with hiking and wildlife viewing areas.
  Patagonia-Sonoita Creek Preserve Home to many species of birds and wildlife, the preserve also guards a riparian forest with some of the worlds oldest and largest Fremont cottonwood trees. Year-round water attracts more than 275 species of birds, plus bobcats, mountain lions, deer and javelina. 

Payson www.rimcountry.com At 5,000 feet in the Mogollon rim foothills, visitors from around the world come to this former gold mining town to enjoy exceptional scenery, rich Western heritage, mild climate and recreation opportunities. On the edge of the world's largest stand of Ponderosa Pines and minutes from seven Rim lakes, activities include hiking, golf, horseback riding, fishing and cross-country skiing. Tonto Natural Bridge, a casino and Shoo-Fly Indian Archaeological Site are popular attractions, while annual events include the "World's Oldest Continuous Rodeo" and the State Championship Fiddlers Contest.
  Payson Zoo Features over 40 animals, some exotic and some native-American, many of the animals performed in commercials and movies before being retired here.
  Tonto Natural Bridge State Park Bordered by Tonto National Forest, at 400 feet wide this is the largest natural bridge in the world. A strenuous hike down a steep trail into the canyon below reveals the flowing springs that carved the bridge. Hikers are treated to fern draped grottos, a waterfall and the fantastic rock formations and colors of the underside of the bridge. Viewpoints at the top provide a good view, and a grassy meadow is a perfect setting for picnicking and gatherings.

Peach Springs The Hualapai Indian Reservation headquarters and trading center lies adjacent to the Colorado River, where fishing and primitive camping is available.
  Grand Canyon Caverns www.gccaverns.com This natural limestone cavern 210 feet below ground formed millions of years ago by an inland sea has yielded fossils and bones of long-extinct animals. Accessed by elevator, 45-minute guided walking tours are offered.

Pearce www.vtc.net/~seariz A booming gold mining town in the late 1800's, this peaceful retreat nestled in the Sulphur Springs Valley 11 miles northeast of Tombstone offers golf, hiking trails in the Chiricahua Mountains National Monument, and exploring at Cochise Stronghold in the Dragoon Mountains. A bird-watchers paradise, the astounding variety of birds in the valley include Great Blue Heron, Hummingbird, Bald Eagle and wintering Sandhill Crane. 

Peoria Established as a farming community in 1885, the desert climate, small-town atmosphere, and wide variety of attractions continue to draw visitors. The town is the proud home of baseball spring training, Luke Air Force Base and is the "Gateway to Lake Pleasant".
  Challenger Learning Center www.azchallenger.org Daily simulated space missions and a mission-control room modeled after NASA's Johnson Space Center are featured at this world-class space science education facility.
  Lake Pleasant Regional Park With 2 boat ramps and a visitor center, this popular recreation area encompasses over 24,500 acres and offers the full array of water recreation, picnicking and improved camping. Lake cruises are available on a replica 1880's Mississippi riverboat. 

Phoenix www.phoenixcvb.com This bold and vigorous town is a spirited blend of American West, Native American and Mexican cultures, the cosmopolitan and the cowboy, culture and industry. First inhabited by prehistoric Hohokam Indians, who tamed the Salt River with irrigation ditches, they mysteriously vanished about 1450 A.D. Established as a hay camp in 1864, a raucous new city of miners, saloons and soldiers arose. In 1911 the Roosevelt Dam on the river transformed desert into farmland linked to the rest of the country by railroad. 
  Now the country's sixth largest city, this thriving capital of Arizona displays pride and enthusiasm in the cultural and athletic activities it supports. Theaters and museums, a convention center and symphony hall, horse racing and professional sports teams, rodeos and golf tournaments offer world-class entertainment. The climate encourages outdoor activities such as water recreation, golf, hiking and horseback riding in the spectacular desert parks and mountains ringing the valley.
  Arizona Mining and Mineral Museum Over 3,000 specimens are on display, including an amazing variety of gemstones, copper and richly colored minerals. Mining equipment is also exhibited.
  Arizona State Capitol Museum This 4-story tuff stone and granite building opened in 1900 and served as territorial capitol until 1912 when statehood arrived and it became the state capitol. Restored wings display documents and artifacts of early statehood and an exhibit about the USS Arizona.
  Deer Valley Rock Art Center www.asu.edu/clas/anthropology/dvrac Most of the 1,500 prehistoric petroglyphs preserved here are on hillside boulders, created over the period from 5000 BC to 1400 AD. The 47-acre site, of spiritual significance to Native Americans, offers a quarter mile trail for petroglyph viewing. Inside exhibits interpret the history of the art.
  Desert Botanical Garden www.dbg.org Devoted entirely to arid plants of the world, this 145-acre garden wrapped in the red, rocky folds of Papago Park is one of the world's largest collection of desert plant life. Paved trails lead visitors through a variety of themed areas such as wildflowers (blooming March through May) and the Sonoran Desert. Bird tours, family activities, demonstrations, and a plant and gift shop are available. 
  Encanto Park A lagoon with islands serves as a waterfowl refuge, and tennis courts, racquetball, nature trails, swimming pool and boat rentals are available. On one of the islands is a child's amusement park www.enchantedisland.com with bumper boats, train rides and a carousel.
  Hall of Flame Museum of Fire Fighting www.hallofflame.org This is one of the largest fire fighting equipment exhibits, which, in combination with the adjacent National Fire Fighting Hall of Heroes covers over an acre with horse-drawn pumpers, children's play area and an interactive fire safety exhibit.
  Heard Museum www.heard.org This renowned, world-class Native American collection is exhibited in 10 galleries featuring art and cultures, with emphasis on peoples of the Southwest. On display are basketry, pottery, kachina dolls and jewelry, and foods, religious beliefs and culture are explored. Interactive displays include a bead loom and a hogan.
  Heritage and Science Park The heart of the park is Heritage Square, comprised of 8 restored buildings from the late 1800's containing museums, exhibits and restaurants. The two other companion sites in this historic area are the Phoenix     Museum of History and the Arizona Science Center. The modern Lath House Pavilion with a botanical garden in the square serves as a community gathering area. Occupying the 1901 Stevens House, the Arizona Doll and Toy Museum features antique dolls and toys dating back to the 1800's from around the globe. The Arizona Science Center offers over 300 changing interactive exhibits, allowing visitors to have fun exploring aerospace, computers, geology, physics, psychology, weather, and ham radio. A state-of-the-art planetarium and five-story giant-screen theater are also featured.
  Museo Chicano Changing exhibits are dedicated to Latino art, culture and history. Seminars and special events are also available.
  North Mountain Park Nature trails traverse this 7,000-acre section of the Phoenix Mountain Preserve.
  Papago Park www.ci.phoenix.az.us/PARKS/hikepapa.html This 1,200-acre park features fishing lagoons, zoo, nature and bicycle paths, botanical gardens, a golf course, and picnicking. During World War II a German prisoner of war camp on this site housed over 400 prisoners of war between 1943 and 1946. After the war the buildings were converted to other uses such as an Elks Lodge. In the park is a white pyramid, Hunt's Tomb, the burial place of Arizona's first governor and his family. 
  Phoenix Zoo www.phoenixzoo.org/zoo Covering 125 acres, this zoo houses over 1,300 mammals, birds and reptiles. It is traversed by 4 main trails; The Arizona Trail featuring flora and fauna of the Southwest, The Africa Trail, home of African species, The Discovery Trail with an international collection of small animals and a petting area, and the Tropics Trail, home to creatures of the rain forest. Popular features include "Feel the Difference" for visually impaired visitors and a narrated Safari Train ride.
  Phoenix Art Museum www.phxart.org This museum has over 160,000 square feet housing more than 16,000 works of American, European, Latin American, Asian, Western and Contemporary art. International exhibitions by renowned artists are presented, and other offerings include the Fashion Design collection, an interactive Artworks Gallery for children, and the Thorne Miniature Rooms of historic interiors.
  Pioneer Arizona Living History Museum Providing a real sense of territorial Arizona, most of the 100-acre museum's 32 structures were built in 1880-1890. Staffers in period clothing stroll the buildings explaining life in the Old West. Living history interpreters reenact territorial life; the sheriff lingers over a game of checkers, a woman sweeping stops to offer freshly baked cookies, an occasional outlaw is seen, a printer hands out the latest edition of his newspaper. Melodramas, gun fighters and mountain men appear on the Opera House stage daily.
  Pueblo Grande Museum Visitors to this prehistoric Hohokam village will see a ruin of the village as well as irrigation canals, the head of a great system of canals which irrigated thousands of acres of Hohokam farmland. There are full size replicas of pit houses, and the museum features archeology and the life of the Hohokam. Guided tours are available, and at certain times of the year, 3-hour walking tours covering 3 miles of Hohokam petroglyphs are offered.
  Shemer Art Center Completed in the early 1920s, this restored Santa Fe Mission-style adobe building highlights changing fine art exhibits, a Colonial mansion dollhouse, and grounds landscaped in orchards and sculpture gardens.
  South Mountain Park This 16,500-acre park comprised of canyons, peaks and fascinating rock formations has miles of trails and excellent views from vista points. A Spanish inscription on a rock on Pima Canyon Road reads: "Marcos de Niza; where he passed from Mexico to Aycos (Acoma) in the Year of Our Lord 1539".

Pinetop-Lakeside www.pinetoplakesidechamber.com Founded by Mormon pioneers in the early 1880's, this community at 7,200 feet is known for extensive recreational activities and nearness to the world's largest stand of Ponderosa pines. On the edge of the Mogollon Rim and surrounded by the White Mountains and the Apache-Sitgreaves National forest, popular activities include golf, birding, hiking, fishing, hunting, Hon-Dah Resort Casino, horseback riding and camping in warmer months and cross-country skiing and ice fishing in the winter. 
  Fort Apache State Historic Park This remarkably preserved 288-acre fort with over 20 buildings dating between 1870 and 1930 also offers visitors a view of pre-Colombian petroglyphs. The Apache Cultural Center and Museum displays archival histories and cultural artifacts of the White Mountain Apaches.
  Jacques Marsh The islands here provide excellent nesting habitat for migrating waterfowl in the spring and fall, bald eagles in the winter and peregrine falcons in the summer. Elk are attracted to the dry vegetation in fall and winter.
  White Mountain Trail System http://www.ci.pinetop-lakeside.az.us/trailsystem.shtml One of a series of loop trails, the Buena Vista trail at the border of town is an ideal opportunity to enjoy the forest through biking, hiking and horseback riding.

Portal At the entrance to Cave Creek Canyon in the Chiricahua Mountains of Southeastern Arizona, this popular vacation spot in high, cool altitudes offers fishing, hunting and camping. The canyon displays rugged, brilliantly colored red rhyolite cliffs climbing to almost 10,000 feet above the canyon floor. It is prime habitat for hundreds of bird varieties, drawing birders from around the world. Rich with flora and fauna, hiking and photography are popular. 

Prescott www.prescottinfo.com Settled by gold prospectors in 1864, an area just north of town was chosen as the state's first seat of government by President Abraham Lincoln, a title lost to Phoenix in 1889. At a mile-high elevation encircled by mountain ranges, this resort community surrounded by the recreational facilities of the Prescott National Forest (see Fun and Attractions Below) draws outdoor enthusiasts for hiking, horseback riding, rock climbing, fishing and rock hounding. The heart of town is the downtown square, with the Yavapai County Courthouse set in a beautiful plaza framed by towering oaks, the site of crafts fairs, antique and art shows. Characterized by points of historical interest, boutique shops, Whiskey Row saloons and beautifully restored Victorian buildings, this charming town also offers attractions such as horse racing at Prescott Downs, a gaming casino, and nearby Lynx and Watson Lakes. 
  Granite Basin This 10-acre lake just inside the forest at the foot of Granite Mountain, with rugged boulder strewn cliffs and Ponderosa Pines, offers a recreation area for fishing, hiking and camping.
  Granite Dells This summer playground on Watson Lake features unique granite formations, which line the highway for miles. Great for rock climbers, some Indian artifacts have been found in the area.
  Phippen Museum Named for the founder of Cowboy Artists of America, this collection features outstanding Western art by prominent artists and historical artifacts.
  Sharlot Hall Museum www.sharlot.org Founded in 1928, this museum dedicated to human and natural history explores the rich and diverse regional heritage through 3.5 acres of galleries and gardens, featuring the Territorial Mansion filled with artifacts, an outdoor amphitheater hosting plays in the summer, rose and herb gardens, changing exhibits and festivals. Also on the grounds is Fort Misery, the first cabin erected in Prescott.
  Smoki Museum Patterned after early Pueblo structures, the centerpiece is a large Hopi kiva fireplace. Exhibits relating to Native American history, with emphasis on the Prescott area, include ancient artifacts such as beaded ornaments, ceramics, paintings, jewelry and basketry.
  Thumb Butte Park In an area known nation-wide for its rock-climbing opportunities, the nature trail loop here in the Granite mountain Wilderness is a very popular hike. Climbing to 6,300 feet at Thumb Butte Saddle, visitors find spectacular views. 

Quartzsite www.quartzsitechamber.com A fort built here in 1856 for protection against Native Americans soon evolved into a stage stop because of a good water supply. The site of frequent gem and mineral shows, the population swells to a million for the largest in early February, and the small desert town is transformed by the arrival of international visitors selling and trading minerals, jewelry and artwork. 
  Hi Jolly Monument In an 1850's experiment, the Army imported camels and camel drivers from the Middle East to serve as desert pack animals. A Syrian driver, Hadji Ali, became known as "Hi Jolly" and took up prospecting after the experiment was abandoned. A pyramid-shaped monument topped by a camel marks his grave, and in November the town holds a fair celebrating "Hi Jolly Daze".
  Tyson's Well Stage Station Museum Built in 1866, the original adobe stage station became the town center and an important way station between Arizona and California due to plentiful water and grass for the horses. It housed a post office in the 1890's, became the Oasis Hotel in the early 1900's, and was opened by the Quartzsite Historical Society in 1980 after a period of neglect. Displays include a fine collection of mining equipment, plus photographs and personal articles of some of Quartzsite's more colorful citizens.

Roosevelt
  Theodore Roosevelt Dam and Lake Natives irrigated their fields here via stone-lined canals around 1000 A.D. Modern Americans claimed the Salt River with this dam, the oldest artificial reservoir in America, completed in 1911 using thousands of hand-hewn stones. Reached via a dirt road, the lake offers many recreational opportunities and is not as crowded as some of the other area lakes.
  Tonto National Monument Accessible ancient stone ruins of prehistoric cliff dwellings are preserved here, the remains of a 2-story pueblo built in a cave and occupied by the Salado culture in the 13th, 14th, and early 15th centuries. A half-mile paved foot trail rises 350 feet to the ruins, where visitors can take a self-guided tour of the 19-room lower dwelling, or a 3-hour ranger-conducted tour of the upper 40-room dwelling. A visitor center and museum display artifacts including exquisite polychrome pottery and intricately woven textiles.

Safford This charming town of antique shops and historic buildings was founded in 1874, set against majestic Mt. Graham and the Gila River. A wealth of recreation is available for avid outdoorsmen as well as those interested in simply looking for breathtaking views. The Swift Trail winds 36 miles from town to the 10,720-foot top of Mount Graham, and Aravaipa Canyon wilderness is perfect for backpacking. The area is well known for its mineral hot springs, and there are two areas available to rock hounds maintained by the U.S. Bureau of Land Management. 
  Discovery Park www.discoverypark.com This 200-acre science, space and cultural center explores the past, present and future of the Desert Southwest. Exhibits examine ancient Anasazi and Hohokam civilizations, the miners of the 1800's, and an observatory. The dry climate and high elevation make this an ideal spot for sky study. Visitors enjoy a state-of-the-art simulator ride, the Shuttlecraft Polaris, and the Gov Aker Observatory with a 20-inch telescope. The Nature's Hideaway wildlife habitat consists of 5 environmental ecosystems (riparian, pond, desert, marsh and grassland) with bountiful bird-life and can be accessed by hiking trails or by a narrow-gauge train.
  Roper Lake State Park www.roperlake.com At the foot of Mount Graham and surrounded by mountains, this is a lovely place to hike, fish, swim, picnic or enjoy the rock-lined pools filled by natural hot springs.

Sahuarita This premier bird watcher's destination in the historic Santa Cruz Valley is surrounded by majestic mountain ranges, frontier outposts, old mines and early Spanish missions. Nearby attractions include the artist community at Tubac, San Xavier del Bac Mission built by Jesuits in the early 1700's, Pena Blanca and Arivaca Lakes, Kitt Peak Observatory, Madera Canyon and the Mexican border.
  Asarco Mineral Discovery Center www.mineraldiscovery.com The exhibit pod features a photo mural aerial view of the Asarco Mission Complex, and displays information on the formation of copper deposits and its mining, plus historic mining equipment. A tour allows a spectacular view of the open pit, and picnic areas are available at the Centennial Cactus Garden. 
  Titan Missile Museum National Historic Landmark www.pimaair.org/titanmm/titanhome.shtml Phased out at the end of the cold war, this is the only Titan II site that remains intact. Visitors are able to view the disabled missile in a hardened concrete silo at this museum, the only one of its kind in existence. 

St. Johns www.stjohnsaz.com At the edge of the White Mountains, this town offers ideal year-round climate and a variety of recreation and attractions in close proximity to forests, lakes and streams. Within an hour drive are three major archaeological sites, fishing at local ponds, and the entrance to the spectacular Petrified Forest National Park, one of the "Seven Wonders of the World". Just outside of town, the Blue Hills feature unique formations of white, red and blue desert clay where dinosaur teeth and agate beds have been found. The St. Johns Equestrian Center hosts major equestrian competitions, races and rodeos. 
  Apache County Historical Museum Displays early local pioneer artifacts showcasing the strong ties between pioneer and early Hispanic families.
  Lyman Lake State Park A small herd of buffalo and other wildlife make their home here in acres of rolling grassland at 6,000 feet. The 1,500-acre high-plains lake offers a large variety of great fishing, hiking, and water sports with a water ski course set up during the summer. Also in summer, rangers offer boat tours of Native American rock art and ruins at Petroglyph Trail and Rattlesnake Point Pueblo. There is a swimming beach and rock hounding trails.
  Raven Site Indian Ruins Over 800 rooms overlook the Little Colorado River at this recently discovered ruin, excavated by student volunteers from around the world.

San Carlos This San Carlos Indian Agency headquarters and trading center is north of Coolidge Dam on the banks of the San Carlos River. Attractions include hunting and fishing, a gaming casino, Salt River Canyon and the San Carlos Apache Cultural Center.
  San Carlos Lake Due to large and unpredictable swings in the water level, this lake surrounded by 3 national forests continually recreates itself ecologically. When full, it is know as a hot spot by anglers. The moderate climate lends itself to boating, hiking and sightseeing. Big game hunting is a popular area attraction.

Sasabe This area is a magnet for outdoor enthusiasts, offering numerous trail systems for hiking, mountain biking and horseback riding.
  Buenos Aires National Wildlife Refuge This 116,000-acre refuge contains an extensive tapestry of grasslands, riparian streams, cottonwood forest, wetlands and desert mountains. Home to over 280 species of birds such as waterfowl and golden eagles, it is bountiful in other wildlife including antelope, deer, mountain lion, javelina and coyote. Bird watching and wildlife viewing is enjoyed from many popular trails, auto tour routes and the boardwalk at Arivaca Cienega. 

Scottsdale www.scottsdalecvb.com Surrounded by rugged and beautiful Sonoran Desert, this thriving, contemporary town is a city with an interesting history grown from the rich cultures of the Native America, Spanish and western pioneer. Known for its multitude of golf courses, over 120 art galleries, live theater, western Old Town shopping district, and evening entertainment scene, area attractions include casinos, balloon rides, hiking the McDowell Mountain foothills, and tubing down the Salt River. The Westworld center is the site of an annual world-renowned Arabian horse event, as well as other equestrian events and activities.
  Cosanti Foundation The workshop and headquarters of architect and craftsman Paolo Soleri, this studio/gallery offers his famous wind bells and sculptures. Visit the wind bell foundry in action, and view models of his prototype society, Arcosanti, under construction north of Phoenix.
  Fleischer Museum www.fleischer.org This 300-plus revolving Impressionist painting collection includes American dating 1890-1930 from the California School and Russian/Soviet dating 1930-1980. Sculptures are found throughout the gallery, as well as in the sky-lit sculpture court. 
  McCormick-Stillman Railroad Park  www.ci.scottsdale.az.us/mccormickpark Visitors enjoy a 1-mile ride on a 5/12-scale locomotive, an antique carousel, and the snack bar set in a Southern Pacific caboose. The park also contains several full-size railroad cars, 2 Navajo hogans, 2 train depots and a 1907 locomotive.
  Rawhide www.rawhide.com The state's largest Western-theme attractions, this recreation of an 1880s Western town offers cowboy music and gunfights, Native American theater, gold panning, desert cookouts, shops, stagecoach and burro rides, petting zoo and bull riding (mechanical and the real thing). Visitors find craftsmen selling their wares in antique buildings, a photography studio, saloon, blacksmith shop and ice cream parlor. Period costumes recall life in the Wild West.
  Scottsdale Civic Center and Mall Adjoining Civic Center Plaza, this is the site of municipal buildings and the library, as well as a park with fountains, sculptures, a pond and walkways through lovely landscaping and flowerbeds. The Scottsdale Center for the Arts on the mall is the cultural heart of the city, hosting major art exhibits and performances by the Scottsdale Symphony Orchestra.
  Scottsdale Historical Museum www.scottsdalemuseum.com This 1909 red brick grammar school is furnished in period and includes replicas of a barbershop, an old fashioned kitchen and a 1900 schoolroom. Artifacts relating to the rich history of the building, photographs and town memorabilia are displayed.
  Taliesen West www.franklloydwright.org and www.taliesinpreservation.org The architectural studio and winter home of famed architect Frank Lloyd Wright is in the McDowell Mountain foothills on 600 acres of rugged Sonoran desert. Now the International Headquarters of the Frank Lloyd Wright Foundations and a National Historic Landmark, visitors see an active community of architects and students who live, work and study here. Various tours are offered of the complex of garden courts and buildings linked by terraces and walls.

Second Mesa Located within the Hopi reservation, visitors are treated to brilliantly colored rock mesas and buttes, as well as fine Hopi jewelry available directly from local silversmiths. Some ceremonial dances are open to the pubic
Hopi Cultural Center Museum Exhibits include basketry, jewelry, weaving and other artifacts as well as Kachina dolls representative of divine ancestral spirits.

Sedona www.visitsedona.com and www.sedonachamber.com Completely surrounded by the Coconino National Forest, this premier center for tourism, recreation, culture and the arts sits at 4,500 feet at the mouth of renowned Oak Creek Canyon in the heart of legendary Red Rock Country. Four delightfully mild seasons, breathtaking panoramas, fine restaurants and outstanding shopping make this the state's most visited area after the Grand Canyon. Indescribable beauty awaits outdoor enthusiasts with sensational hiking, biking, sightseeing and golf almost year-round, plus popular jeep tours, horseback and hot air balloon rides in carved canyons or high desert. Many nearby attractions include the Grand Canyon, Meteor Crater, Indian ruins and the mining town of Jerome. 
  Chapel of the Holy Cross This local landmark, constructed in 1956, rises 200 feet above the ground between 2 large red sandstone peaks on a small mountain. Designed by a student of Frank Lloyd Wright, it is an intriguing example of contemporary architecture, with a 90-foot cross dominating the structure. Scenic views and morning sunlight streaming through the large stained glass enhance quiet meditation and quiet visits.
  Oak Creek Canyon Traversed by a scenic 15-mile stretch of road, the canyon is known for brilliantly colored tree-dotted cliffs, unusual rock formation and rocky gorges. Some of the state's most beautiful hiking trails cross through unspoiled sheer rock-walled canyons along the forested creek.
  Palatki Ruins and Red Cliffs Rock Art Site Extensive pictographs and petroglyphs preserved in rock alcoves are believed to be the 3,000-5,000 year old work of ancestors of the Sinagua people, who occupied large well-preserved cliff dwellings A.D. 650-1300. The Sinagua added their own representations of humans and animals, and later additions were made by the Yavapai and Apache. Sites can be reached via walking trails, and interpreter guides are often available on-site to provide information on the rock panels.
  Red Rock State Park This 286-acre nature preserve and education center offers a variety of programs and functions in a riparian area along Oak Creek surrounded by red rocks. Designated trails are available for hikers to traverse the park, and swimming and wading are reserved for wildlife only. The day-use-only park offers a picnic ramada, gift shop, and visitor center with theater and exhibits.
  Sedona Heritage Museum http://www.sedonamuseum.org/ With focus on the period between 1870-1950, photos and exhibits highlight the history of Sedona, its settlers and pioneers. Scenic pathways lead through fruit orchards past vintage farm implements to the museum.
  Slide Rock State Park This natural playground nestled in lush Oak Creek Canyon is named for and centered on a 70-foot water slide smoothed into the creek-bed rock. Other activities include hiking, picnicking and fishing amongst the red rock walls and pines. The park is also the site of the historic Pendley homestead and a thriving apple orchard.
  V-Bar-V Ranch Petroglyph Site Thirteen panels feature over 1,000 well-preserved petroglyphs believed to be chiseled by the Beaver Creek community of the Sinagua people who occupied pueblos along the Verde River. 

Show Low http://ci.show-low.az.us Taking its name from a winning poker hand, this city on the edge of the Mogollon Rim offers 5 golf courses within a 15-mile radius, an indoor aquatic facility, lighted sports courts and fields, and a variety of recreation such as fishing, hiking and horseback riding. The Severnson Wildlife trail north of town offers a riparian area and the Pintail Lake Wildlife Viewing Area. 
  Fool Hollow Lake Recreational Area  This 850-acre recreation area among 100-foot pines at 6,300 feet surrounds a 149-acre lake covering the old town site of Adair. Fed by Show Low Creek, it is a natural wildlife feeding ground. With abundant fishing opportunities, it has developed tent sites, 2 fishing piers and several tot lots. Close by is the White Mountain Trail System with over 100 miles of hiking trails.
  Sunrise Park Ski Area www.sunriseskipark.com Sixty-five trails on 3 mountains on the White Mountain Apache Reservation are geared to beginners, intermediates and pros.
  
Sells A popular stop with a dependable water supply, travelers from prehistoric times to the early 1900s frequented what is now headquarters to the Tohono O'odham Indian Reservation, whose craftsmen are known for their pottery and baskets.

Sierra Vista www.ci.sierra-vista.az.us This regional center of southeastern Arizona is bordered by the San Pedro River and surrounded by unique and beautiful Dragoon, Huachuca and Mule Mountains. Nature lovers are drawn to the magnificent views, moderate year-round climate and clean, fresh air. Area attractions include Coronado National Monument, Tombstone, the ghost town of Charleston, several working gold mines. Nearby Ramsey Canyon is a bird watchers' paradise. 
  Coronado National Memorial Commemorating the first major European exploration of the Southwest in 1541, the 4,750-acre memorial on the U.S.-Mexico border also provides a grass and woodland habitat for a broad variety of wildlife from bobcats to golden eagles. West of the visitor center is a sweeping view from Montezuma Pass.
  Fort Huachua Established in 1877, this historic post housed the famed "Buffalo Soldiers" of the Cavalry and was charged with protecting settlers in the expanding southwest from Indian attack. The fort is now an operations base for the Army Intelligence Center and other military organizations. Fort Huachuca Historical Museum One of the nation's premier military museums exhibits army artifacts and documents dating back to 1861 depicting the history of U.S. Army activity in the southwest.
  San Pedro Riparian National Conservation Area Stretching 36 miles to the US Mexico border, this area sustains one of the nations richest wildlife populations, including 350 species of birds, deer, mountain lion, javelina, fox and raccoon. Cottonwood, acacia, and willow trees line the riverbanks. Of archaeological interest, 2 of the few Clovis Man culture sites are found along the river. Bones of mammoths, bison and camels have been found along with tools used to kill them.

Snowflake Named for Mormon settlers Erastus Snow and William Flake sent to the area in 1878 by Brigham Young, the "Old Southwest" atmosphere remains in this town in the Silver Creek valley, with some of the remaining original homes on the Historical Register. On the picturesque Northern Plateau at the hub of the White Mountains, visitors enjoy a moderate climate and activities such as golf, hiking, fishing and hunting. History buffs appreciate touring museums and pioneer homes, and viewing Indian petroglyphs on the walls of Silver Creek Canyon and ruins on Black Mesa. Area attractions include Petrified Forest National Park, Monument Valley and the Sunrise Ski Resort.

Sonoita www.sonoitaaz.com Populated with the coming of Fort Buchanan in 1857 and Fort Crittenden in 1867, this town was a major railway cattle-shipping hub in the 1880's. Surrounded by rolling, grassy hills and wide blue skies it lies at 4,980 feet in a wide valley surrounded by mountains. It is home to a vineyard, and horseback riding stables featuring rides through the 45,000-acre Empire-Cienega Conservation Area. A favorite of bicyclists and Jeep enthusiasts, forest service roads traverse spectacular backcountry scenery and ghost towns. Nearby Parker Canyon Lake is great for fishing, and the area is known as host to pronghorn antelope, deer, 200 species of birds, mountain lions, raccoons and rattlesnakes.
  Sonoita Creek Natural Area This unique riparian area covers almost 5,000 acres offering hiking trails, wildlife viewing areas and environmental education programs. Giant cottonwoods, sycamores and willows provide nesting sites for black hawks and other endangered species.

Springerville www.springerville.com Adjacent to Eager in a beautiful high-country valley in the White Mountain foothills, this area serves as a year-round tourism hub nearby to hundreds of lakes and streams, Apache Sunrise Ski Resort, 3 major archaeological sites, Springerville Volcanic Field, Apache-Sitgreaves National Forest and Petrified Forest National Park. Old Fort Redondo and the White Mountain Historical Park offer a glimpse into the diverse cultural background of the area.
  Big Lake Recreational Area This 300-acre trout-stocked lake at 9,000 feet in the Apache Sitgreaves National Forest offers boat rentals, guided nature walks and campgrounds.
  Casa Malpais Indian Ruins On a rim of volcanic rock overlooking the Round Valley and the Little Colorado River, this Mogollon Indian Culture ruin was occupied 1250-1400 A.D. and is now a 15-acre restoration project and a National Historic Landmark Site. Artifacts displayed at the visitor center include pottery and baskets. Special lectures by visiting historians and archaeologists are offered.
  Coronado Trail Scenic Byway Reaching from south of Springerville to Morenci, this is reportedly the trail taken by Francisco Vasques de Coronado as he searched for the 7 cities of Cibola 4 centuries ago. Known as one of Americas top-ten scenic byways.
  Little House Museum Nestled in the canyon walls of the Little Colorado River, artifacts and photos provide an authentic presentation of pioneer, outlaw and ranching history.
  Raven Site Ruin This field school and research center on a knoll overlooking the river is the site of 2 pueblos with 800 rooms occupied approximately 700-1500 A.D. Guided tours are offered of 200 rooms, nearby petroglyph and shrine sites, archaeological excavation sites, and a museum with an extensive collection of artifacts.

Sun City/Sun City West One of the country's largest and most popular retirement communities offering a variety of golf courses and dining, fishing lakes, tennis, picnicking at the lakeside Pavilion, several recreation centers and swimming pools, and performances by nationally known personalities at the Sundome.

Supai Near the Grand Canyon and the Colorado River, this village in Havasu Canyon serves as the governmental center of the Havasupai Indian Reservation.
  Havasu Canyon This high desert canyon is a feast for the eyes, with hermit shale, redwall and Coconino sandstone among its layers. Havasu Creek is dammed into pools and waterfalls by fascinating mineral formations. The 8-mile journey from Hualapai Hilltop to the canyon floor may be made on horseback, helicopter, or on foot down a steep trail recommended only for experienced hikers.
  Havasupai Tribal Arts Museum features tribal artifacts and historical information on the tribe.

Superior Established as a silver mining town, it now draws its existence from rich copper lodes in the area. Near town is Apache Leap Cliff, where legend has it that 75 Apache warriors leapt to their deaths to escape capture by the cavalry. Also nearby is the southern terminus of US 60, which traverses Tonto National Forest to the north.
  William Boyce Thompson Arboretum See description under Globe.

Tempe www.tempecvb.com Founded in 1872, this progressive city has successfully blended dynamic business and culture with the small-town warmth of a college community. Packed with history and attractions, Tempe enjoys some 300 sunny days a year. Ideal for walking and bicycling, there are over 120 miles of paths and trails. Historic Old Town with boutique shops, restaurants and entertainment is the cultural and business center and the site of several fairs and festivals each year. The cultural scene presents performing arts, fine museums, the Improv Comedy Club and Tempe Symphony Orchestra. Tempe Town Lake, a restored 5-mile stretch of the Salt River edged by parkland, offers sailing, canoeing, trails and dinner cruises. Outdoor enthusiasts enjoy six golf courses and 47 parks such as Kiwanis, 125 acres with a small sailing and fishing lake, tennis courts and a 54,000-foot recreation center, which houses a large double-spiral slide and the world's 2nd largest indoor/outdoor wave pool and. The Anaheim Angels hold their baseball spring training at Diablo Stadium. Sky Harbor Airport is a short trip from Tempe. 
  Arizona Historical Society Museum www.tempe.gov/ahs State history is portrayed through permanent and changing exhibits, films and hands-on displays such as a 35-foot reconstructed segment of Roosevelt Dam, Country Store Museum and a collection of materials from the 37 year run of the Wallace and Ladmo television show.
  Arizona State University www.asu.edu The 700-acre campus in Central Tempe is the site of the several art galleries and museums, plus the renowned Grady Gammage Memorial Auditorium designed by Frank Lloyd Wright, which presents university theater and music productions, Broadway plays, and other premier performing arts. Sun Devil Stadium is home to the ASU Sun Devils, NFL Arizona Cardinals, and the annual Fiesta Bowl football game.  ASU Art Museum http://asuartmuseum.asu.edu With focus on American and Latino arts and crafts and contemporary art, exhibits span from the 15th to the 21st century. Specialties include American ceramics, turned wood bowls and works by Frederic Remington and Georgia O'Keefe.  ASU Museum of Geology Displays feature minerals, fossils, gemstones, a working seismograph, a 6-story Foucault pendulum, and Columbian mammoth bones unearthed in nearby Chandler.
  Big Surf www.golfland.com/tempe This family fun center provides 15 water slides, beach volleyball courts, activity pools and one of the world's largest wave pools.
  Tempe Historical Museum http://www.tempe.gov/museum/360 Presentations portray prehistoric Hohokam Indians, information about the city's business founder Charles T. Hayden, a 40-foot model of the history of desert water development, and mementos of the Territorial Normal School which later became Arizona State University.

Tombstone www.tombstone.org Founded in 1877, it fast became one of Arizona's most renowned mining camps producing millions of dollars of gold and silver in 7 years of operation. Rising groundwater forced the mine to close, and the violence and lawlessness climaxed in the infamous Earp/Clanton gunfight at the O.K. Corral. Today, the fascinating and historic "town too tough to die" is a living testament to the Old West and a great starting point for touring Cochise County.
  Birdcage Theatre Built in 1881, this saloon, theater, brothel and dance hall known in it's glory as the bawdiest nightspot from here to the Barbary Coast remains unchanged, with original furnishings and fixtures intact. The sight of 16 gunfights and 140 bullet holes, it is known for 14 suspended birdcages where ladies of the evening plied their trade. It is now a museum and registered National Monument, inviting visitors to step back into a robust past.
  Boothill Graveyard http://www.clantongang.com/oldwest/boothill.html Founded on a slight hill in 1878, this historic burial ground is the final resting place for some 300 of the earliest area pioneers, famous and infamous. It is named after the fact that many people here died violently or suddenly with their boots on.
  O.K. Corral On Oct. 26, 1881 Doc Holiday and Wyatt, Virgil and Morgan Earp, attempting to restore law and order, shot it out with the Clanton and McLaury brothers here, leaving 3 cowboys dead and Virgil and Morgan Earp wounded. The gunfight is re-enacted daily, there are life-sized replicas of the 9 gunfighters, and the photo gallery displays 1886 photos of Geronimo and 1800s Tombstone life.
  Rose Tree Museum Planted as a cutting from Scotland in 1885, this 8,000-square-foot rose bush is the world's largest and is measured yearly by "The Guiness Book of World Records". In April the phenomenal plant bursts with millions of small white roses. Museum exhibits include local artifacts and rare 1st and 2nd editions of Western Americana books.
  Tombstone Courthouse State Historic Park Built in 1882, this courthouse was the first in Cochise County and the site of some the territorial period's most notorious criminal trials. It houses a multitude of displays, artifacts and antiques showcasing area mining, ranching and gambling and fact-based interpretations of area history.

Tuba City Named after the Hopi leader Tube, natural springs attracted generations of Native Americans to this area at 4,900 feet at the edge of the Moenkopi Plateau. Settled in 1875 by Mormons who used stone blocks from nearby prehistoric sites in their structures, some of which are still standing. Visitors can see dinosaur tracks preserved in sandstone and Hopi rock art nearby.

Tubac www.tubacaz.com Founded in 1752 on the site of prehistoric Hohokam and Pima Indian communities, a mission and presidio were established here in 1752. The presidio was moved to Tucson in 1776. Under intermittent Apache attack and victim to a fading mining boom, it was deserted and repopulated several times over the ensuing years, and is now a historical site and small artist colony next to the old presidio. It has over 90 studios, galleries and shops, and outdoor enthusiasts enjoy beautiful weather, 2 golf courses and other outdoor recreation. The popular Festival of the Arts is held each February. A segment of the Juan Bautista de Anza National Historic Trail begins at the nearby Tumacacori National Historical Monument and winds 4.5 miles along the Santa Cruz River to town, a favorite pass time of walkers.
  Tubac Center For The Arts www.tubacarts.org This showcase for local artists offers performing arts, workshops and more. 
  Tubac Presidio State Historic Park Encompassing the remains of the 1752 Spanish military site, an underground exhibits reveals portions of the original fort. A visitor center and museum feature territorial, Spanish, Native American and Mexican artifacts, a restored 1885 schoolhouse, and the 1859 printing press that printed Arizona's first newspaper.

Tucson www.visittucson.org This protected high desert valley is surrounded by 4 mountain ranges on the floor of an ancient inland sea. The city takes its nickname, "Old Pueblo" from the 12-foot-high walls that provided a refuge for 18th century travelers. A wagon road built by Mormons became a major corridor for thousands of miners and homesteaders during the California Gold Rush, and hikers can view pre-Colombian petroglyphs. Now a rich blend of Native American, Mexican and Western cultures, visitors are drawn to the area's rich history, sunny dry air, dude ranches and an amazing variety of desert and mountain vegetation. Culturally active, attractions include visual and performing arts, theater, opera and dozens of museums displaying their own unique fields of study. Home to the 321-acre University of Arizona, Davis-Monthan Air Force Base, casinos, Greyhound racing and 7 Major League Baseball teams participating in the Cactus League.
  Arizona Historical Society/Tucson Museum Permanent and changing exhibits feature Arizona mining and cultural history as well as a research library.
  Arizona-Sonora Desert Museum www.desertmuseum.org Over 300 live animal species are exhibited in natural outdoor habitats. Two miles of pathways lead through 21 acres of Sonoran Desert landscapes including cactus gardens and desert grasslands. A simulated limestone cave displays regional gems and minerals. Daily demonstrations are offered.
  Arizona State Museum www.statemuseum.arizona.edu For more than a century, this anthropology museum has preserved hundreds of thousands of artifacts and interpreted Southwestern cultural history from prehistoric mammoth hunters to modern times. The Hohokam artifact collection is thought to be the most comprehensive in existence. Exhibits highlight the origin and cultural evolution of several Native American peoples, and the 20,000-piece pottery collection spans 2,000 years.
  Catalina State Park At the foot of the Santa Catalina Mountains these 5,500 acres contain a vast array of wildlife and desert plants in its canyons, foothills and streams. Recreational activities include bird watching, picnicking, miles of hiking trails and an equestrian staging center for horseback riders. 
  De Grazia Gallery In The Sun www.degrazia.org This unique adobe gallery houses ceramics, paintings and bronzes by Ted De Grazia and draws thousands of visitors each year. Visitors also enjoy a movie room and the adjacent open-air chapel he built and adorned with frescoes.
  Fort Lowell Museum Here at the remains of the 1800s fort, the reconstructed commanding officer's quarters displays military artifacts, changing photography exhibits and period furnishings.
  Gene C. Reid Park With 160 acres of tennis courts, picnic areas and a fishing lake, this park is also the site of Hi Corbett Field, baseball spring training home of the Colorado Rockies. The Reid Park Zoo housing over 500 animals encompasses 17 acres of the park, and presents a public art series of bronze animal sculptures. The DeMeester Outdoor Performance Center can seat up to 100 and offers concert performances and special events such as "Music Under The Stars". The Reid Park Rose Test Garden features over 160 rose varieties.
  International Wildlife Museum www.thewildlifemuseum.org This 38,000-square-foot natural history museum offers dioramas of over 400 prehistoric and modern species of animals from around the globe, plus interactive displays and hands-on exhibits.
  Kitt Peak National Observatory www.noao.edu/kpno Founded in the Quinlan Mountains in 1958, KPNO is thought to have the largest collection of astronomical observatories. It operates 24 major research instruments such as the world's largest solar telescope. The visitor center is open to the public.
  Mission San Xavier del Bac http://emol.org/emol/tucson/sanxavier This beautiful 200-year-old "white dove of the desert" on the Tohono O'odham reservation offers one of the country's finest examples of Spanish mission architecture. Its striking whitewashed exterior, domes, flying buttresses and elaborate interior statuary set it apart from other missions. Catholic services are still held here, and a museum displays church artifacts and historic photographs. This is one of the most photographed structures in the state.
  Old Tucson Studios www.oldtucson.com More than 300 movies, TV episodes and commercials have been filmed here since 1939. This film location and western theme park provides a wide variety of authentic 1800s Western family activities, live entertainment, shops and casual dining. Live stunt demonstrations, gunfights, Storyteller Theater, 30-minute trail rides and Western musical revues are highlights. 
  Pima Air and Space Museum www.pimaair.org The mammoth air museum housed in a hundred thousand square feet of galleries displays over 200 vintage aircraft and more than 4 dozen interpretive exhibits portraying the nation's aviation history. The DC-6 "Air Force One" used by Presidents Kennedy and Johnson is open for tours. The Challenger Learning Center offers interactive science exhibits, which simulate a space mission.
  Postal History Foundation  This southwest hub of postal research and education offers a philatelic museum, a 25,000-book library, a turn of the century post office, collectible stamp sales and a specialty post office selling every American stamp currently issued.
  Sabino Canyon Inhabited by Colombian Mammoth and Hohokam Indians 12,000 years ago, this desert oasis in the Coronado National Forest is in the eastern end of the Santa Catalina Mountains. Along with breathtaking scenery, visitors enjoy hiking swimming, bird watching, picnicking and shuttle tours (motor vehicles and pets are not allowed in the canyon).
  Sosa-Carillo-Fremont House This restored 1880 adobe home is home to the Arizona Historical Society and displays period furnishings, changing exhibits and artifacts of the builders families.
  Tohono Chul Park www.tohonochulpark.org Experience the Sonoran desert region at this 50-acre preserve where nature, art and culture connect amid a growing urban area. The park features dining at the Tea Room, an Exhibit Hall in a renovated historic home, nature trails, changing art exhibits, Greenhouse and Museum shops, a children's garden and Geology Wall.
  Tucson Botanical Garden www.tucsonbotanical.org This 5.5 acre site serves as a wild bird sanctuary, education and horticulture center. Specialty gardens include xeriscape demonstration, butterfly, cactus and succulent, children's discovery, iris, backyard bird, Native American crops, wildflower and sensory.
  Tucson Children's Museum www.azstarnet.com/~tuchimu A fantastic experience for kids of all ages, hands-on exhibits and programs include Dinosaur Canyon, a grocery store, Ocean Discovery Center, Temple of Art, a health center, Wee World Gallery, the Fire House, Life Rhythms percussion exhibit, electricity, a TV studio, and the Home Depot Multi Purpose Room.
  Tucson Museum of Art and Historic Block www.tucsonarts.com This energetic cultural center on the site of the 1775 Spanish Presidio and its Historic Block features five homes circa 1850-1905, a permanent collection of over 6,000 pre-Colombian to contemporary pieces, markets and festivals, changing exhibits and evening events. Art instruction, a museum shop and a research library are available.
  University of Arizona This campus, founded in 1885, is today one of the top research universities in the nation.
Center for Creative Photography www.creativephotography.org Devoted to photography as an art form, the center offers a museum, archive and research center. One of the world's most comprehensive collections, over 2,000 photographers are represented by more than 60,000 works.  Flandrau Science Center & Planetarium www.flandrau.org The center offers a planetarium, mineral museum and observatory. In the planetarium, the Dome Theater has interactive science exhibits regarding light, sound, astronomy and magnetism as well as a wide variety of laser light and cultural shows.  Mineral Museum www.geo.arizona.edu/minmus Located in the Flandrau Center, visitors find displays of meteorites and gems from around the world, plus a specialized collection of minerals from Arizona and Mexico. A micro-mount exhibit highlights diverse crystals invisible to the naked eye.  U of A Museum of Art http://artmuseum.arizona.edu A large, dynamic collection of Renaissance and later American and European art is housed here in the Fine Arts Complex. Changing exhibits and a growing permanent collection of over 4,500 paintings, sketches and sculptures include works by Picasso, Rodin, Dali, Rembrandt and Gallego and Jimenez.

Tumacacori
  Tumacacori National Historical Park This massive adobe church in the upper Santa Cruz River Valley was begun about 1800 by Franciscans sent by the King of Spain and local Pima Indian labor, but never completed due to Apache raids, neglect and terrible winters. It was abandoned in 1848, made a National Monument in 1908, and a National Historical Park in 1990. A museum of Sonoran mission architecture highlights local history and mission life. A self-guiding tour includes the church and cemetery, patio garden, portions of the convent area and the mortuary chapel. The park was expanded to include two other mission ruins, Guevavi and Clalbazas, nearby to the south. Craft demonstrations are offered most weekends.

Vail
  Colossal Cave Mountain Park
This breathtakingly beautiful cave on the National Register of Historic Places was used for centuries by prehistoric peoples, and has since drawn the interest of people ranging from train robbers to a President of the U of A. Currently dormant, the cave is home to 7 species of bats. Guided tours, café, hiking, museum, horseback trail rides and a desert garden are available. 


Valle This town is on the main highway going to the South Rim of the Grand Canyon north of Williams. 
  Air Museum Planes of Fame www.planesoffame.org Aircraft on display spans the history of manned flight, from WWI through the age of supersonic jets. Many of the planes are flyable and have been featured in movies, and several are the sole surviving examples of their type. Air shows and educational programs are held.

Wenden Founded as a mine supply depot in 1905, numerous old gold mines draw rock hounds, and golfers enjoy the unspoiled beauty of the area.
  Alamo Lake State Park  Visitors find peaceful Sonoran Desert scenery and teeming large-mouthed bass and catfish at this flood control reservoir on the Bill Williams River. With campgrounds, marina and boat rentals, activities include hiking and viewing abundant wildlife, including wild burros.

Whiteriver Headquarters for the 1.65 million-acre Fort Apache Reservation, this is also the center for the fishing and recreation area. Visitors are welcome at the two area fish hatcheries. Seven miles to the west is the partially restored Kinishba Ruins, a village inhabited 1050-1350.

Wickenburg www.wickenburg-az.com Legend has it that in 1863, Henry Wickenburg discovered gold just southwest of town in rocks he was hurling at an escaping mule. During the ensuing gold rush, the Vulture Gold Mine yielded over $20 million in gold. The Hassayampa River runs through town and is one of the premier natural riparian areas in the state. Known for Old West atmosphere, visitors enjoy a self-guided historical walking tour of early 1900's buildings, hot air balloon rides, hiking the trails of Vulture Peak, and visiting one of the largest remaining Joshua tree forests northwest of town. In the center of town stands a 200-year-old mesquite tree, the Jail Tree, where lawmen chained their prisoners, as busy miners had no time for building a jail.
  Bagdad Mine http://bagdad-az.com/ Just outside of town, visitors can see a working open-pit copper mine producing over a hundred thousand tons of ore a year. Free tours are available.
  Desert Caballeros Western Museum www.westernmuseum.org Visitors find permanent and changing exhibits preserve the art and history of the west. Cowboy gear, Western and Native American arts and artifacts, gems and minerals, dioramas and period rooms bring the state's territorial era back to life. Artists represented include Frederic Remington and Charles M. Russell.
  Robson's Arizona Mining World Venture into an earlier time at this gold mining camp in saguaro covered hills, home to 26 buildings filled with thousands of artifacts and antique equipment, a mineral museum and recreated shops.
Vulture Mine Self-guided tours explore the remains of the historic buildings and the mine site. Guided tours may be arranged.

Willcox, www.willcoxchamber.com Once a major cattle-shipping center, the surrounding hills were home to Apache chief Cochise and a notorious refuge for fugitive gunslingers. Today, this blend of friendly home town and rough and tumble country is a perfect starting point to visit the scenic, historical, recreational and cultural features of Cochise County, such as Dos Cabezas Peaks, Fort Bowie National Historic Site, Cochise Stronghold and the Dragoon Mountains. At 4,150 feet, the mild year-round climate invites golfers and birders, who come to view thousands of migrating sandhill cranes in the Sulphur Springs Valley each winter.
  Rex Allen Arizona Cowboy Museum Honoring the "Last of the Silver Screen Cowboys", exhibits depict the ranching years and 35-year film and recording career of this native son and famous singing cowboy. The lives of pioneers who shaped the West are also highlighted through storyboards, photos and artifacts.

Williams www.visitwilliams.com Named after a mountain man who guided wilderness expeditions and trapping parties, this town nestled in Ponderosa pines along historic Route 66 an hour's trip to the South Rim. It is traditionally known as "The Gateway To The Grand Canyon". Surrounded by the Kaibab National Forest with its abundant wildlife, it is a great hub for exploring Northern Arizona attractions such as Sedona, ghost towns and Native American dwellings. Year-round recreation includes hiking and mountain biking 370 miles of trails, golf, downhill and cross-country skiing, and fishing at 7 nearby lakes, or just strolling through the Historic District.
  Grand Canyon Deer Farm Walk among the deer and feed them from your hand. During June through August many fawns are born, and other residents include Alaskan reindeer, wallabies, llamas, antelope and potbellied pigs. 
  Grand Canyon Railway www.thetrain.com The adventure begins at the 1908 Williams Depot with displays of photographs and logging, mining, ranching and railroad artifacts. Round-trip excursions on historic railroad cars with early 20th century steam engines or vintage diesel locomotives wind through ponderosa pines and grassy plains to the Grand Canyon South Rim. On board, western "characters" and strolling musicians bring the Old West to life, and refreshments are served.
  Visitors Center This 1901 brick building, listed on the National Register of Historic Places, was originally a Santa Fe Railway depot. Today it houses museum quality interactive exhibits depicting the prehistory of the area, Williams history, a "Kid's Corner", and more.

Window Rock This center of operations for the Navajo Nation and Tribe takes its name from the graceful red stone arch standing near the administration buildings. At the foot of the arch is Navajo Veterans Memorial Park, which commemorates warriors from all eras of peace and war, including the WWII Navajo Code Talkers. The Navajo Nation Zoo and Botanical Park features animals native to the Navajos and those culturally important, especially birds of prey and large mammals.
  Four Corners Monument The only place in America where 4 states meet, a concrete monument bears the state seals of Arizona, New Mexico, Colorado and Utah.
  Navajo Nation Museum Here the rich culture of the Navajo Nation is preserved and interpreted, from tribal music and history to present day culture, from artifacts and an auditorium to over 4,500 photographs. The prehistoric cultures of the Four Corners area are explored, and displays include textiles, paintings, and artist's original texts.
  St. Michaels Historical Museum This 1898 Franciscan mission served and educated Navajo, Spanish and Anglo peoples and produced the first Navajo-English dictionary. A small museum features the work of the Friars and examples of Navajo cultural life.

Winkelman Majestic mountains and magnificent scenery draw visitors to this bird-watchers paradise along the Gila River. Lush vegetation in nearby Aravaipa Canyon, nourished by Aravaipa Creek, offers contrast to the desert landscape, and the George Whittell Wildlife Preserve at the entrance to the canyon preserves valuable habitat. At Kearny Lake, fish are stocked and guests enjoy picnicking and small-boat trolling. The river offers summer rafting, kayaking, canoeing and tubing, and other outdoor activities include golf, hiking, hunting and annual community festivals.

Winslow www.winslowarizona.org This charming railroad town in the high desert of the Little Colorado River Valley offers a wide variety of attractions from rock art to climbing, cowboy to Native American cultures, rodeos to antique car shows, and "Standin' on a Corner Park" in historic downtown on Route 66. The Old Trails Historical Museum in a 1920 bank building exhibits showcase Route 66, Santa Fe Railroad, pioneer and Anasazi artifacts. Nearby Clear Creek offers canoeing, swimming, picnicking and fishing.
  Homolovi Ruins State Park Occupying 4,000 acres along the Little Colorado River, these 4 major pueblo sites were occupied by Hopi Indian ancestors between about 1200 and 1425 A.D. Over 340 sites include pit houses, campsites and petroglyphs. The visitor center provides interpretive information, and hiking, camping, picnicking and special archaeological exhibits are available. 
  Meteor Crater www.meteorcrater.com 50,000 years ago a meteor about 150 feet across that weighed several hundred thousand tons slammed into this rocky plain 5 miles outside of Winslow blasting a pit 700 feet deep and nearly a mile across. Apollo astronauts were trained in the moon-like terrain of the crater. The visitor center and Museum of Astrogeology houses interactive displays, an Apollo Space Capsule, large-screen theater, and the Astronaut Hall of Fame. Self-guided and guided rim tours are available.

Yuma www.visityuma.com In the scenic valley junction of Arizona, California and Mexico, the climate here mixes desert sunshine with the waters of the Gila and Colorado Rivers and the rugged surrounding mountains. Spanish explorers first visited the original Native American inhabitants in 1540, two missions were founded in 1779, and the location became a major river crossing for California gold seekers in the 1850's. The rich Old West history includes mountain men, railroaders, Fort Yuma soldiers, and the bandits and renegades of the notorious Yuma Territorial Prison. Visitors find a variety of recreation and culture, such as birding, golf, fishing, shopping, rock-hounding, historic downtown, and natural wildlife.
  Arizona Historical Society Century House Museum and Gardens One of Yuma's oldest buildings, this was once the home of the Sanguinetti family. Aviaries and colorful gardens are maintained in their early 1900s condition, and the rooms retain their late 19th-century appearance. Artifacts and photographs depict Yumas territorial history.
  Imperial National Wildlife Refuge Covering over 25,000 acres along the Colorado River, 40 miles of this refuge lies in Arizona. Eagles, Canadian geese, egrets and ducks gather here in this unique combination of desert and river ecosystems. It is an excellent site for photography and hiking.
  Kofa National Wildlife Refuge Some 665,400 acres of mountainous Sonoran Desert and two mountain ranges provides refuge to a variety of unique plant life, bighorn sheep, mule deer, bobcat, coyote and cottontail rabbit as well as falcons, Golden Eagles and Gambel's quail. Hikers are welcomed to explore, and some areas can be accessed by 4WD vehicle.
  Yuma Crossing State Historic Park This 20-acre site commemorates 500 years of travel across the Colorado River. An important river crossing, it was home to prehistoric Native American Paytans, and later host to Spanish explorers, gold seeking emigrants, soldiers and steamboat captains. During the late 1800s, a U.S. Army Quartermaster Depot here supplied military outposts in the Southwestern states. Five restored buildings and a visitor center tell the history. Pathways wind through gardens and past historic buildings.
  Yuma Territorial Prison State Historic Park Erected on a bluff at the edge of the Colorado River in 1876, this adobe prison held up to 3,000 of the West's most dangerous prisoners, including 29 women, until 1909. The guard tower, cells and main gates remain as grim reminders of justice on the frontier. A fascinating museum tells stories of the desperados and details the development of the penitentiary, which have been featured in literature, films and TV. 

Fun and Attractions:

Apache Sitgreaves National Forest Over 2,000,000 magnificent acres along Mogollon Rim and White Mountains encompass Mount Baldy, backcountry wilderness areas, and the historic Coronado Trail Scenic Byway. With over 650 miles of rivers and streams plus 34 lakes and reservoirs, the area is a fisherman's paradise. The 3,500-11,500 foot elevation range offers relief from the summer heat of the valleys.

Aravaipa Canyon Wilderness Trail www.grandcanyonbsa.org/hikes/aravaipa.html Permits are required to access the beauty of this 11-mile-long deep wilderness gorge with lush growth prompted by the year-round creek. The canyon is ideal for hiking and wildlife viewing, as over 200 species of birds have been observed here. 

Canyon de Chelly National Monument Near Chinle, Native American cultures ranging from the earliest basket-makers around 2500 B.C. to the present Navajo population are represented between these towering red sandstone cliffs. In the canyon walls and at the base of the cliffs are Indian village ruins dating A.D. 350 to 1300. Ruins and ancient pictographs on the remarkably smooth walls are easily viewed from overlooks on scenic drives traversing both sides of the canyon. Guided and self-guided canyon trips are available. 

Chiricahua National Monument http://chiricahua.areaparks.com A volcanic eruption of colossal proportions 27 million years ago deposited 2,000 feet of ash, which fused into rock and eventually eroded into fascinating turrets and gigantic rock formations. Cities of spires, mountains, desert and forests at 5,200-7,800 feet elevation provide a premier habitat for a wide diversity of wildlife. A geology exhibit building and picnicking are available, and trails leading to all parts of the monument make it a Mecca for birders and hikers.

Coconino National Forest Over 1.8 million acres encompass 5 unique environments. The volcanic highlands include the 12,600-foot San Francisco Peaks. The red rock country encompasses Oak Creek Canyon and surrounding Sedona. The state's most far reaching scenery can be found at the Mogollon Rim. The rolling elk habitat and large Mormon Lake lie in plateau country. Last are the rivers in the Upper Sonoran Desert landscape of canyon country. Recreation includes Snowbowl winter sports area, Lake Mary, hiking, trail riding and much more.

Coronado National Forest Widely scattered over 1.78 million acres in Arizona and New Mexico, the extremes in elevation are reflected in the variety of wildlife, plant life and terrain as "sky islands" rise from desert floors. Scenic drives traverse several mountain ranges, 5 lakes offer prime fishing, there is skiing on Mount Lemmon and more than 1,100 miles of trails.
  Whipple Observatory http://cfa-www.harvard.edu/flwo On Mount Hopkins in the Santa Rita Mountains is one of the largest multi-mirror telescopes conducting interstellar investigations in the world. The visitor center features exhibits on natural science, astrophysics, astronomy and cultural history. There is a trail head and picnic facilities. Public programs and 6-hour tours are available.

Fort Bowie National Historic Site http://fortbowie.areaparks.com Near Willcox, a thousand acres commemorates more than 30 years of bitter conflict between the United States military and the Chiricahua Apaches, which eventually culminated in the 1886 surrender of Geronimo, banishment of the Apaches to eastern states, and the end of the Indian Wars. The site of battles and massacres, the carefully preserved fort stands as a monument to courage of both the brave soldiers and the valiant society struggling to preserve its existence.

Glen Canyon National Recreation Area Headquartered in Page and stretching along the Colorado River for hundreds of miles from Grand Canyon to Canyonlands National Parks, this area provides an unparalleled range of backcountry and water-based recreation. Visitors enjoy breathtaking vistas and a panorama or human history and geologic wonders. The construction of Glen Canyon Dam created 186-mile-long Lake Powell with towering red cliffs, sandy inlets and hidden canyons. The Navajo Bridge Interpretive center at Marble Canyon features a pedestrian bridge over the river and outdoor exhibits. 

Grand Canyon National Park www.thecanyon.com and www.hitthetrail.com Encompassing 277 miles of the Colorado River and adjacent uplands, this World Heritage Site is one of the world's most spectacular examples of erosion, with unsurpassed geological significance and incomparable vistas from the rim. Color glows from multi-colored walls rising from the canyon bottom 5,700 feet to the North Rim, and 4,500 feet to the south rim. Nowhere on earth is a view of time this vast displayed, with each rock strata representing ancient Earth from 2 billion to 250 million years ago. Beyond the eastern border lies the Painted Desert, and the western portion contains Havasu Canyon, a section of the Havasupai Reservation with some 250 tribal inhabitants still living in the canyon. At the north end is Marble Canyon, a 500-foot-deep gorge cutting through the level plain. Strenuous guided mule-back trips are available from both rims, guided river rafting trips can be arranged and trails lead into the canyon from the south rim for day and overnight hiking trips.
  Grand Canyon IMAX Theater www.grandcanyonimaxtheater.com/index.cfm In the town of Tuscyan a few miles south of the South Rim, this seven-story screen presents "Grand Canyon-The Hidden Secrets" showcasing the beauty and history of this geologic phenomena. 

Kaibab National Forest Over one and a half million acres form three districts, the Grand Canyon National Game Preserve, the northern Kaibab Plateau, and the southernmost, which contains scattered forests peaks and volcanic cones. Home to big game animals as well as several lakes and the Kaibab Plateau-North Rim Scenic Byway, the "most beautiful 44 miles in America". Recreation includes hiking, horseback riding, mountain biking and cross-country skiing.

Lake Mead National Recreation Area http://lakemead.areaparks.com Stretching 140 miles along the Colorado River and embracing 1.5 million acres in Arizona and Nevada, the area offers a wealth of water sports, hiking, wildlife photography and sightseeing. Included are Lake Mohave, Lake Mead, and Hoover Dam, at 726 feet one of the tallest concrete dams ever built. As the Great Basin, the Mojave and the Sonoran deserts meet here, a large variety of wildlife inhabits the area including bighorn sheep, peregrine falcon and bobcats.

Monument Valley Navajo Tribal Park http://www.desertusa.com/monvalley/ Straddling the Arizona/Utah border, this striking landscape personifies the Southwest with flat terrain interrupted by rust red spires and buttes. The mineral dyed soils range from reddish hues to black streaks, exposed by erosion, upheaval and volcanic activity. Offering spectacular views from the visitor center, most of the park can be viewed from a 17-mile 4WD-vehicle dirt road skirting cliffs and mesas. Backpacking and hiking require permits, and jeep and horseback tours are available at the visitor center. The remarkable landscapes and famous "purple sage" have served as stunning backdrops for western films including "Cheyenne Autumn" and "She Wore A Yellow Ribbon".

Navajo National Monument http://navajo.areaparks.com Three of the largest and most intact cliff dwellings of the Anasazi are preserved here on the Shonto Plateau in the Navajo Indian Reservation. There is a visitor center, 2 brief self-guided mesa top trails, camping and picnicking. Ranger-guided tours visit the remarkable 13th-century Keet Seel and Betatakin cliff dwellings. 

Picacho Peak State Park Rising majestically above the desert floor, this 1,500-foot peak was the site of an 1862 Civil War battle, the only one fought in Arizona. Serving as a prominent landmark between New Mexico and California for settlers and forty-niner gold miners, it is now a magnet to hikers. Trails leading around the base and to the peak offer spectacular displays of spring wildflowers. Picnicking and camping are available.

Pipe Spring National Monument http://areaparks.com/pipesprings A desert oasis occupied by ancestral American Indians for over 1,000 years, this little-known gem is rich with early explorer, American Indian and Mormon pioneer history. The spring water enabled fauna, flora and people to survive in this otherwise dry region. Visitors glimpse life in the Old West at the visitor center, on a discovery trail and on tours of Winsor Castle, a fully furnished historic fort.

Prescott National Forest Almost 1.25 million acres brimming with outdoor recreation, the forest offers outstanding year-round climate and cool relief from the heat of the desert below. Encompassing two long mountain ranges, developed recreation areas can be found at Prescott Basin and Mingus Mountain. Popular activities include picnicking, fishing, scenic drives, mountain climbing, photography, and nearly 450 miles of scenic trails perfect for hiking, horseback riding and mountain biking. Visitors also enjoy the Granite Mountain National Recreation Trail and the General Crook National Historic Study Trail. More adventurous visitors can hang glide, white water raft on the Verde River, and do technical boulder and rock climbing.

Saguaro National Park Divided into two unique districts, Saguaro East 15 miles east of central Tucson is the Rincon Mountain district, and Saguaro West 15 miles to the west is the Tucson Mountain district. Both are typical of the unique Sonoran desert and contain groves of giant Saguaro cacti, which can reach a height of 30-50 feet, weigh up to 10 tons and live over 200 years. In the West district, rock formations are decorated with Native American Petroglyphs. In the East district, a visitor center offers exhibits on desert flora and fauna. With an average rainfall of 12 inches, the terrain supports 50 species of cacti and a variety of wildlife such as mountain lions, rattlesnakes, javelina and desert tortoise. Visitors enjoy exploring 150 miles of hiking trails ranging from flat desert to rugged mountain, or taking leisurely trips on scenic loop drives.

Tonto National Forest Stretching 90 miles from Scottsdale to the Mogollon Rim, nearly 3 million acres of spectacular desert cactus and mountain pine country range from 1,300 to 7,900 feet in elevation. One of the largest national forests, activities include camping and picnicking, 860 miles of hiking and horseback riding trails, and 6 lakes for swimming, boating and fishing, some with marina facilities. Scenic roadways include the Beeline Highway and the Apache Trail. The lower Salt River is a popular tubing destination in the summer.

Wupatki National Monument http://wupatki.areaparks.com Preserving many ruins in the Flagstaff area of prehistoric Sinagua and Azasazi traders and farmers, which are scattered across a 54-square-mile area, this monument protects over 2,700 archaeological sites with pueblos, rock art, field houses, pottery, baskets and other artifacts. Visitors can experience the lava and cinder geology of Wupatki Volcano and painted-desert scenery occupied by these Hopi ancestors 1100-1225 A.D. Many of the largest and most impressive ruins, such as the hundred-room Wupatki (Tall House) and Lomaki (Beautiful House), are accessible by short, self-guided trails. The visitor center is open all year.



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